8th Grade Science


Gravitational Potential Energy

Potential Energy

Kinetic Energy


Understanding Evolution

Embryological Development in Animals

Human Evolution

Earth’s History

Index Fossils

Differences Between Molds and Casts (fossils)

Geologic Time Scale (UC Berkeley)

Fossil Collections (images) from UC Berkeley

Cambrian Fossils (North America)

Squids, octopuses, nautilus, and ammonites



Lucy – Comparative Anatomy to Modern Humans and Chimpanzees



Size and Scale of the Universe – UC Berkeley Powerpoint

Stellar Parallax

Measuring Distance in Space


What is a Parsec?

Measuring Distance to our Planets

Measuring Distance in Space Using Radar and Lasers

What is a Laser?

Distance to Venus

The Seasons, the Equinox, and the Solstices

What is an Eclipse?

Understanding Moon Phases

https://www.timeanddate.com/moon/phases/ (San Jose, CA)

Moon Phase Today

Electromagnetic Spectrum

What is the Electromagnetic Spectrum?

Electromagnetic Spectrum

Gamma Rays

Microwave Radiation


Science Buddies – Singing Wine Glasses

Physics Behind Singing Wine Glasses


Tsunamis FAQ

Video on Anatomy of a Tsunami

Anatomy of a Wave – How it breaks at shorelines

Physical Characteristics of Tsunamis

The Physics of a Tsunami

Tsunami Warning Systems

Big Bang Theory


Additional Reading (try to read and take notes on one more article below to better understand and explain a line of evidence that supports the Big Bang theory)


Redshift and Doppler Support the Universe is Expanding

Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation

Big Bang Nucleosynthesis – Elements in the Universe

The Origin of Elements

Evidence of Big Bang: The Light Elements

First Galaxies Born Sooner After Big Bang Than Thought